International Law,
Self-Determination and the
Right to Institutions

ISBN: 978-0-9860853-6-9
$36.00 / 194 pp. / 2016

ORDER E-BOOK:  $20.00


    HBCUs represent the historic United States institutionalization
    of African American higher education.  They have played and
    continue to play a significant role in the training of African
    American professional sectors and in the economic viability of
    African American communities where they are situated.


    While during the Civil Rights period, the United States did
    remove de jure segregation and replace it with equality before
    the law, it nonetheless continued to recognize and fund HBCUs
    as an African American entitlement, in keeping with the desires
    of the African American people and their organizations. This is
    also in keeping with African Americans’ international minority
    right to institutions.  

    However, recent US government policies undertaken without
    consultation with African American / HBCU leadership have
    disproportionately impacted the survival of these institutions.
    Supreme Court decisions have also played a negative role.

    This book represents IHRAAM efforts from 2014-2015
    to contextualize the struggle to save HBCUs within the context
    of the international minority right to institutions, and to stimulate
    debate and discussion within the HBCU and African American
    community as well as within government and the international
    community as to the value and applicability of international
    norms when seeking to resolve the ongoing disproportionately
    negative standing of African Americans in social indicators
    measuring well being—despite their having achieved
    de jure civil rights for nearly half a century.

    To that end, on July 14, 2014, IHRAAM sponsored (along
    with cosponsors 100 Black Men of Atlanta and Iota Phi Theta of
    Baltimore) a seminar on Empowering HBCUs and International
    Human Rights, again with a view to stimulating debate within
    the concerned communities.

    On September 14, 2014, IHRAAM submitted an Alternative Report
    to the United Nations Human Rights Council, scheduled to
    conduct its regularly scheduled 2015 Universal Periodic Review
    of the United States as it relates to human rights on May 11, 2015.

    On May 7, 2015, immediately preceding it, IHRAAM delegates
    presented a side-session at the UN Palais des Nations titled
    “Empowering Black Colleges: International Law, African
    American Development and Self-Determination.”

    On July 20, 2015, IHRAAM representatives were invited to
    Washington by the U.S. State Department/Department of
    Education to participate in a Town Hall Session on the issues
    raised in the US UPR related to education. At that meeting,
    IHRAAM’s project for the establishment of a quasi-governmental
    body, the Office of HBCU Development and International
    Cooperation (OHBCUD) was presented.

    This book includes the above-mentioned primary
    documents projected by IHRAAM, as well as capturing the
    thinking of persons outside of IHRAAM, all of whom seek to save
    and empower HBCUs, and represent their own positions.

An international NGO in
Consultative Status with the
United Nations




    Welcome to Clark Atlanta University / 12
    Dr. Carlton E. Brown, President, Clark Atlanta University

    Why IHRAAM Embraces the Struggle to Save HBCUs / 18
    Mrs Diana Kly, Chair, IHRAAM

    HBCUs’ Struggle for Equity Post Fordice / 26
    Dr. Armentia Hinton

    The Ethnic Cleansing of HBCUs in the Age of Obama / 38
    Dr. Jahi Issa

    Meaningful Partnerships Between Community and
    College: The City of Lithonia, Georgia and Clark
    Atlanta University / 50
    Lithonia Mayor Deborah Jackson

    The Unnecessary Closing of HBCUs: Some Questions for Our
    Supporters / 56
    Carl A. Johnson

    Addressing Discrimination Subsets: HBCUs and African
    American Jocks” / 64
    Dr. Irving Smith

    Empowering HBCUs Through the Use of International
    Approaches, Forums & Communications / 74
    Dr. Mustafa Ansari

IHRAAM Alternative Report: US Universal Periodic Review,
Submitted to the UN Human Rights Council. September, 2014 / 87

from EMPOWERING BLACK COLLEGES: International Law,
African Amerian Development and Self-Determination
Side Session, UN Palais des Nations. Geneva, May 7, 2015

    HBCUs: An Historical Legacy and a Call to Action / 102
    Dr. Edwina Harris Hamby, VP Fisk/Consultant, IHRAAM
    African American Communities Denied Human Right to Education / 112

    Atty Stan Willis, Consultant, IHRAAM
    The School to Prison Pipeline as Violation of Human Rights / 128
    Prof. Emerita Vernellia Randall, Consultant, IHRAAM

    International Human Rights & Empowering the African American
    Community / 146
    Dr. Farid I. Muhammad, Director, IHRAAM-USA

IHRAAM Statement to the US State Department,
WASHINGTON, DC, July 20, 2015 / 166

Excerpt from International Law & the Black Minority in the United States
Dr. Y. N. Kly / 181
HBCUs:  Key to African American empowerment