Investigation into a
Political Demolition

Galina Sapozhnikova

ISBN: 978-0-9986947-1-9            
$29.95  2017

ISBN:  978-0-9986947-2-6     

    Through interviews with leading participants on both sides,
    prominent Russian journalist Galina Sapozhnikova captures the
    political and human dimensions of betrayal and disillusionment
    that led to the collapse of the 20th century's greatest experiment
    in social engineering, and what happened to the men and women
    who struggled to destroy or save it.

    Termed "color" revolutions by the worldwide media as most were
    designated colors, these various  movements developed in
    several societies in the former Soviet Union and the Baltic states
    during the early 2000s.  In reality, they were US intelligence
    operations which covertly instigated, supported and infiltrated
    protest movements with a view to triggering “regime change”
    under the banner of a pro-democracy uprising . The objective
    was to manipulate elections,  initiate violence, foment social
    unrest and use the resulting protest movement to topple an
    existing government in order to install a compliant pro-US

    What were the many tactics deployed in Lithuania, only now
    recognized as one of the first, to galvanize the popular
    uprising?    Was Gorbachev's role duplicitous and anti-USSR?
    What was the role of Eugene Sharp in this grand show of historic
    transformation?  Is nationalism a force to be welcomed or
    feared?  How did the political shape-shifters act – the former
    Komsomol and Communist Party executives, who took high posts
    in the new “democratic” governments? What happened to the
    pro-democracy forces and to those they defeated in the
    aftermath? How has all this worked out for Lithuania?

    This book not only exposes the process, but sheds light on how
    these events play out, post regime-change.  It is key to grasping
    the template that today underlies similar events in Syria, Ukraine,
    Venezuela and likely elsewhere, going forward. The Lithuanian
    revolution may be key among them, a trial run for the August coup
    against Gorbachev in Moscow and the Soviet collapse that
    changed the course of world history.

    To date, The Lithuanian Conspiracy has been published under
    other titles in Lithuanian, Russian and Italian.

Born in Izhevsk (Russian Federation), Galina Sapozhnikova graduated from the journalism
faculty of the Saint Petersburg University in 1988. She worked as a correspondent for
Komsomolskaya Pravda  covering Estonia, Finland and Sweden. She became known as a
master of journalistic investigation, having worked on the mystery of the  Estonia ferry
sinking, studied xenophobia in Russia, and helped people who lost their memories "find
themselves." Galina Sapozhinkova is the recipient of multiple professional awards - the
Artyom Borovik award for journalist investigations, Andrey Sakharov's award "For Journalism
as a Deed," the Iskra  Media Group award, the Julian Semenov award in extreme geopolitical
journalism, the Oles Buzina literature and media award. She has been awarded the "Golden
Quill" of the Russian Journalist Union and the distinguished decoration "For Merits in the
Professional community." Her 2009 book
Arnold Meri: Estonia's Last Hero was the winner of
the Russian Print competition for best journalistic book. She is currently a political analyst
Komsomolskaya Pravda, living in Moscow and Tallinn.
Dissecting the tactics behind a "pro-democracy" regime change, its wider agenda and the fallout

"The documentary investigation of the famous Russian journalist
Galina Sapozhnikova came out during the 25th anniversary of
the tragic events of 1991. That which we considered true
revolutionary changes, according to the author, in reality was a
well-rehearsed script that was being tried on various scenes.
And we realize this more and more... There is a strong, but
unseen connection between the events a quarter century ago
and today."

"The book consists of “explosive” interviews of former
Lithuanian politicians and brilliant notes by the author herself,
one can read through it in just one evening, despite the 350
pages. Somewhere in the middle of the book, you realize that
USA had tested the Color Revolution technology in Lithuania in
January 1991... [This book] came out last summer and was
instantly a hot item in Lithuania...Today this book is officially
recognized [in Lithuania] as criminal."
Andrey Vypolzov, Vesti-Kaliningrad

"The people’s movement in January 1991 and the blood-soaked
myth – this is what the new Lithuania is built upon. To
Sapozhnikova the official version based on these facts is fake...
The Orange Revolution, then the Ukrainian Maidan, the Rose
Revolution in Georgia, the Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan. All of
these events, as I see it, have one logic, which shows the same
business methods."
Ivan Brentari,

“Stop it! Stop the murder!” weakly repeated Vytautas Landsbergis, leader of the
Lithuanian pro-democracy Sajudis protest movement, his hands shaking.  But
everything had already happened: the TV anchor Tatiana Mitkova had refused to
read the official version of the events in the Lithuanian capital, TVs were showing
tanks and dead bodies, the world was shocked when it heard of another Soviet
aggression, and Boris Yeltsin made an immediate visit to the Baltics in order to
sign treaties on behalf of Russia, distancing Russia from the USSR. Vytautas
Landsbergis phoned his signature in, but was in Tallinn, Estonia, by morning.

I approached him for an interview.

I was ashamed to hear his words.  At the time it felt awkward to even be on the
Soviet side. Prepared by the exposures of the
Ogonek magazine and taught to be
repentant, Russians automatically felt guilty of any death on the planet. (Twenty-five
years after that publication, it was clear that we had consciously been led to that
view.) So we, the Moscow journalists, almost broke down in tears as we genuinely
felt sorry for the Lithuanians whom the Russian tanks had harmed. And in 1991, it
seemed clear who were the victims and who were the killers, even without anyone
saying a word.

The Soviet Union was on its deathbed. Mikhail Gorbachev, so it seemed, made one
last attempt to preserve it: the order to the Pskov airborne troops and KGB
taskforce Alpha Group on the night of 13 January 1991 to take over Lithuanian
telecommunications and stop the broadcasts of the freedom-loving “voices”. Once
he found out about the casualties, the last president of the USSR denounced all of
his orders and said his famous, “I have never sent Alpha to Lithuania!” And Alpha
Group, who had never had a failed mission until then, returned to Moscow in deep

For twenty years, no one in Russia recalled this story, not until 2010 when the
former commander of Alpha, Mikhail Golovatov, was detained in a Viennese Airport
on Lithuania’s request. That is when it turned out that Lithuania had quietly made a
whole list of people responsible for the events of January 1991.

But why, though, some twenty years later? First, the Lithuanians are not quite
pleased with the new society they have built – people are migrating from the
country on a massive scale. Their national spirit needed uplifting. Second, facts
contradicting the well-polished legend were poking out from all of the holes – now
there are books saying that it wasn’t the Soviet soldiers who fired on the crowd,
but unidentified snipers from a roof; another book mentions their American

“Landsbergis and Audrius Butkevičius [at the time, the Director of the Department
of National Defense – G.S.] have the blood of those thirteen on their hands. It was
by their will that a few dozen of dressed-up border guards were stationed in the
Vilnius TV tower. They shot live rounds at the crowd from above. I have seen it with
my own eyes, the bullets hitting the asphalt and ricocheting near my feet. A few
affected border guards have also told me how it happened. They tried to get the
truth out through the press, but they couldn’t prove anything, because they were
erased from the defender lists,” wrote Vytautas Petkevičius in his 2004 book
Ship of
. He had been one of the founders and leaders of Sąjūdis, but was ultimately
greatly disappointed with the movement.

Curiously,  after Petkevičius died, Vytautas Landsbergis sued his three children
demanding that they publicly admit that their father slandered him. Lithuania’s
Supreme Court found  that the children bore responsibility for their father’s words…