clarity
clarity
an independent publisher on global issues

    INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS

    Clarity Press, Inc. is dedicated to assisting in the creation of a human rights
    culture—a "lived awareness" of human rights principles.  We envision a global
    society where the basic human rights of every person—everywhere, regardless
    of ethnicity, religion, class, gender, disability, age, belief or other status—are
    guaranteed not only by the laws of society, but through common agreement that
    human dignity demands nothing less.

    These rights are civil and political—freedoms of speech, the press, and
    assembly; economic, social, and cultural—rights to health care, shelter,
    meaningful and gainful employment, social protections for the family, and
    children, and security in old age; and rights of solidarity—rights to a clean
    environment, to self-determination, development, peace and international
    distributive justice.

    These rights can be found in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human
    Rights, the authoritative definition of human rights standards, a document
    increasingly referred to as customary international law and other major human
    rights documents, progeny of the Universal Declaration, such as the Covenant
    on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, the Rights of the Child, the Convention
    on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and other documents
    listed below.

    Recognizing the interdependency and indivisibility of rights, that every right has a
    corresponding duty, and that the creation of a just society is a struggle—we seek
    to expand consciousness about human rights principles among the global
    populace. Thus, freedom of speech (a civil right) is meaningless if a person is
    homeless (an economic rights violation) and lives in a world at war (a solidarity
    right violation).  Similarly, while working to help the homeless, a symptom of an
    unjust social order, we must also work to alter the unjust economic and social
    structures and practices that lead to homelessness.

    Such an expansion of consciousness would entail moving from a mere  
    "cognitive" awareness of human rights among people, to the "feeling" level, the
    level of the heart.  This will both require and promote a profound spiritual
    transformation in the broadest sense, resulting in policies in accordance with
    social justice.

    The following instruments have been ratified by most of the world’s states.  This
    in itself has been a momentous human achievement—one whose import has
    yet to be fully realized and utilized.

    This grid of international human rights law exists not simply as moral principles,
    but as positive law, providing criteria for assessing state policies and behavior,
    and lending tools and universal legitimacy to the struggle to build a better,
    happier, more equitable world.

    International Human Rights Instruments

    Charter of the United Nations

    International Bill of Human Rights (Fact Sheet 2, Rev.1)

    Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights *
    International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights *
    Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights*
    Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political
    Rights,aiming at the abolition of the death penalty *

    Human Rights Defenders

    Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of
    Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and
    Fundamental Freedoms: A/RES/53/144

    Proclamation of Teheran

    Proclamation of Teheran

    Right of self-determination

    Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
    General Assembly resolution 1803 (XVII) of 14 December 1962, "Permanent
    sovereignty over natural resources"

    Prevention of discrimination

    United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
    Discrimination International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
    Discrimination*
    International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of
    Apartheid*
    International Convention against Apartheid in Sports *
    Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention **
    Convention against Discrimination in Education
    Protocol Instituting a Conciliation and Good Offices Commission to be
    responsible for seeking a settlement of any disputes which may arise between
    States Parties to the
    Convention against Discrimination in Education
    Equal Remuneration Convention **
    Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination
    based on Religion or Belief
    Declaration on Fundamental Principles concerning the Contribution to the Mass
    Media to Strengthening Peace and International Understanding, to the Promotion
    of Human
    Rights and to Countering Racialism, Apartheid and Incitement to War
    Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice
    Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious
    and Linguistic Minorities

    Rights of women

    Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
    Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women *
    Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women
    Convention on the Politicial Rights of Women *
    Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed
    Conflict
    Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against
    Women*

    Rights of the child

    Declaration on the Rights of the Child
    Convention on the Rights of the Child *
    Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement
    of children in armed conflict *
    Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of
    children, child prostitution and child pornography *
    Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare
    of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally
    and Internationally

    Slavery, servitude, forced labour and similar institutions and practices

    Slavery Convention*
    Protocol amending the Slavery Convention *
    Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and
    Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery *
    Forced Labour Convention **
    Abolition of Forced Labour Convention **
    Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation
    of the Prostitution of Others*

    Human rights in the administration of justice

    Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners
    Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners
    Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention
    or Imprisonment
    United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of the Liberty
    Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and
    Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
    Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
    or Punishment  *
    Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other
    Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
    Principles of Medical Ethics relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, particularly
    Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and
    Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
    Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty
    Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials
    Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials
    Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers
    Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors
    United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (The
    Tokyo Rules)
    United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The
    Riyadh Guidelines)
    United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile
    Justice ("The Beijing Rules")
    Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of
    Power
    Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary
    Model Treaty on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters
    Model Treaty on the Transfer of Supervision of Offenders Conditionally
    Sentenced or Conditionally Released
    Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances
    Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary
    and Summary Executions

    Freedom of information

    Convention on the International Right of Correction *

    Freedom of association

    Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention **
    Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention **
    Workers' Representatives Convention **
    Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention **

    Employment

    Employment Policy Convention **
    Convention (No. 154) concerning the Promotion of Collective Bargaining **
    Convention (No. 168) concerning Employment Promotion and Protection against
    Unemployment**
    Convention (No. 169) concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent
    Countries**

    Marriage, Family and Youth

    Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration
    of Marriages*
    Recommendation on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and
    Registration of Marriages
    Declaration on the Promotion among Youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual
    Respect and Understanding between Peoples

    Social welfare, progress and development

    Declaration on Social Progress and Development
    Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons
    Principles for the protection of persons with mental illness and the improvement
    of mental health care
    Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition
    Declaration on the Use of Scientific and Technological Progress in the Interests
    of Peace and for the Benefit of Mankind
    Guidelines for the Regulation of Computerized Personal Data Files
    Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons
    Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace
    Declaration on the Right to Development
    International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers
    and Members of Their Families *
    Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights (UNESCO)

    Right to enjoy culture, international cultural development and co-operation

    Declaration of the Principles of International Cultural Co-operation
    Recommendation concerning Education for International Understanding, Co-
    operation and Peace and Education relating to Human Rights and Fundamental
    Freedoms

    Nationality, statelessness, asylum and refugees

    Convention on the Nationality of Married Women *
    Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness *
    Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons *
    Convention relating to the Status of Refugees *
    Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees *
    Statute of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
    Declaration on Territorial Asylum
    Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals Who are not Nationals of the
    Country in which They Live

    War crimes and crimes against humanity, including genocide

    Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide *
    Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and
    Crimes against Humanity *
    Principles of international co-operation in the detection, arrest, extradition and
    punishment of persons guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity

    Humanitarian law

    Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and
    Sick in Armed Forces in the Field
    Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and
    Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea
    Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War
    Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War
    Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to
    the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I)
    Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to
    the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II)