MISSION STATEMENT
    Clarity Press seeks to provide access to those ideas, trends and information which
    impact the progress of the world's peoples toward a better, happier, more equitable
    life.

    Clarity titles shed new light  on global issues, promote human justice, and put forward
    public and foreign policy alternatives.

    Foreign language editions of Clarity titles have been published in Arabic, Czech,   
    Chinese, French, German, Indonesian, Japanese, Portuguese, Spanish and Urdu.

    EDITORIAL BOARD
            
    Dr. Jan Nederveen Pieterse, (USA)
    Dr. Robert C. Smith, (USA)
    Dr. Joseph Wronka, (USA)
    Dr. Chanda Muzaffar, (Malaysia)
    Dr. Heba Raouf Ezzat, (Egypt)

    Diana G. Collier, Editorial Director

    INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS

    Clarity Press, Inc. is dedicated to assisting in the creation of a human rights culture—a "lived awareness" of human rights principles.  We
    envision a global society where the basic human rights of every person—everywhere, regardless of ethnicity, religion, class, gender,
    disability, age, belief or other status—are guaranteed not only by the laws of society, but through common agreement that human dignity
    demands nothing less.

    These rights are civil and political—freedoms of speech, the press, and assembly; economic, social, and cultural—rights to health care,
    shelter, meaningful and gainful employment, social protections for the family, and children, and security in old age; and rights of solidarity—
    rights to a clean environment, to self-determination, development, peace and international distributive justice.

    These rights can be found in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the authoritative definition of human rights
    standards, a document increasingly referred to as customary international law and other major human rights documents, progeny of the
    Universal Declaration, such as the Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the
    Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and other documents listed below.

    Recognizing the interdependency and indivisibility of rights, that every right has a corresponding duty, and that the creation of a just society is
    a struggle—we seek to expand consciousness about human rights principles among the global populace. Thus, freedom of speech (a civil
    right) is meaningless if a person is homeless (an economic rights violation) and lives in a world at war (a solidarity right violation).  Similarly,
    while working to help the homeless, a symptom of an unjust social order, we must also work to alter the unjust economic and social
    structures and practices that lead to homelessness.

    Such an expansion of consciousness would entail moving from a mere  "cognitive" awareness of human rights among people, to the
    "feeling" level, the level of the heart.  This will both require and promote a profound spiritual transformation in the broadest sense, resulting
    in policies in accordance with social justice.

    The following instruments have been ratified by most of the world’s states.  This in itself has been a momentous human achievement—one
    whose import has yet to be fully realized and utilized.

    This grid of international human rights law exists not simply as moral principles, but as positive law, providing criteria for assessing state
    policies and behavior, and lending tools and universal legitimacy to the struggle to build a better, happier, more equitable world.

    International Human Rights Instruments

    Charter of the United Nations

    International Bill of Human Rights (Fact Sheet 2, Rev.1)

    Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights *
    International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights *
    Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights*
    Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,aiming at the abolition of the death penalty *

    Human Rights Defenders

    Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of
    Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: A/RES/53/144

    Proclamation of Teheran

    Proclamation of Teheran

    Right of self-determination

    Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples General Assembly resolution 1803 (XVII) of 14 December
    1962, "Permanent sovereignty over natural resources"

    Prevention of discrimination

    United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms
    of Racial Discrimination*
    International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid*
    International Convention against Apartheid in Sports *
    Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention **
    Convention against Discrimination in Education
    Protocol Instituting a Conciliation and Good Offices Commission to be responsible for seeking a settlement of any disputes which may arise
    between States Parties to the
    Convention against Discrimination in Education
    Equal Remuneration Convention **
    Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination based on Religion or Belief
    Declaration on Fundamental Principles concerning the Contribution to the Mass Media to Strengthening Peace and International
    Understanding, to the Promotion of Human
    Rights and to Countering Racialism, Apartheid and Incitement to War
    Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice
    Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities

    Rights of women

    Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
    Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women *
    Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women
    Convention on the Politicial Rights of Women *
    Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict
    Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women*

    Rights of the child

    Declaration on the Rights of the Child
    Convention on the Rights of the Child *
    Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict *
    Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography *
    Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement
    and Adoption Nationally and Internationally

    Slavery, servitude, forced labour and similar institutions and practices

    Slavery Convention*
    Protocol amending the Slavery Convention *
    Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery *
    Forced Labour Convention **
    Abolition of Forced Labour Convention **
    Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others*

    Human rights in the administration of justice

    Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners
    Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners
    Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment
    United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of the Liberty
    Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or
    Punishment
    Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment  *
    Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
    Principles of Medical Ethics relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees
    against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
    Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty
    Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials
    Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials
    Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers
    Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors
    United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures (The Tokyo Rules)
    United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines)
    United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice ("The Beijing Rules")
    Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power
    Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary
    Model Treaty on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters
    Model Treaty on the Transfer of Supervision of Offenders Conditionally Sentenced or Conditionally Released
    Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances
    Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions

    Freedom of information

    Convention on the International Right of Correction *

    Freedom of association

    Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention **
    Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention **
    Workers' Representatives Convention **
    Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention **

    Employment

    Employment Policy Convention **
    Convention (No. 154) concerning the Promotion of Collective Bargaining **
    Convention (No. 168) concerning Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment**
    Convention (No. 169) concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries**

    Marriage, Family and Youth

    Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages*
    Recommendation on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages
    Declaration on the Promotion among Youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual Respect and Understanding between Peoples

    Social welfare, progress and development

    Declaration on Social Progress and Development
    Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons
    Principles for the protection of persons with mental illness and the improvement of mental health care
    Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition
    Declaration on the Use of Scientific and Technological Progress in the Interests of Peace and for the Benefit of Mankind
    Guidelines for the Regulation of Computerized Personal Data Files
    Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons
    Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace
    Declaration on the Right to Development
    International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families *
    Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights (UNESCO)

    Right to enjoy culture, international cultural development and co-operation

    Declaration of the Principles of International Cultural Co-operation
    Recommendation concerning Education for International Understanding, Co-operation and Peace and Education relating to Human Rights
    and Fundamental Freedoms

    Nationality, statelessness, asylum and refugees

    Convention on the Nationality of Married Women *
    Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness *
    Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons *
    Convention relating to the Status of Refugees *
    Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees *
    Statute of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
    Declaration on Territorial Asylum
    Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals Who are not Nationals of the Country in which They Live

    War crimes and crimes against humanity, including genocide

    Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide *
    Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity *
    Principles of international co-operation in the detection, arrest, extradition and punishment of persons guilty of war crimes and crimes
    against humanity

    Humanitarian law

    Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field
    Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea
    Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War
    Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War
    Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts
    (Protocol I)
    Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed
    Conflicts (Protocol II)