THE GLOBALIZATION OF NATO
by
Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya
Foreword by
Denis J. Halliday, United Nations Assistant
Secretary-General (1994-98)

ISBN:  978-0-9852710-2-2  $24.95  2012
click here for OVERSEAS ORDERS






E-BOOK 978-0-9853353-3-5 $20.00

    SYNOPSIS

    The world is enveloped in a blanket of perpetual conflict. Invasions,
    occupation, illicit sanctions, and regime change have become currencies and
    orders of the day. One organization – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) – is
    repeatedly, and very controversially, involved in some form or another in many of
    these conflicts led by the US and its allies. NATO spawned from the Cold War. Its
    existence was justified by Washington and Western Bloc politicians as a guarantor
    against any Soviet and Eastern Bloc invasion of Western Europe.  But all along the
    Alliance served to cement Washington’s influence in Europe and continue what was
    actually America’s post-World War II occupation of the European continent. In
    1991 the raison d’être of the Soviet threat ended with the collapse of the USSR and
    the end of the Cold War. Nevertheless NATO remains and continues to alarmingly
    expand eastward, antagonizing Russia and its ex-Soviet allies. China and Iran are
    also increasingly monitoring NATO’s moves as it comes into more frequent contact
    with them.
               Yugoslavia was a turning point for the Atlantic Alliance and its mandate. The
    organization moved from the guise of a defensive posture into an offensive pose
    under the pretext of humanitarianism. Starting from Yugoslavia, NATO began its
    journey towards becoming a global military force. From its wars in the Balkans, it
    began to broaden its international area of operations outside of the Euro-Atlantic zone
    into the Caucasus, Central Asia, East Africa, the Middle East, North Africa, and the
    Indian Ocean. It has virtually turned the Mediterranean Sea into a NATO lake with
    the NATO Mediterranean Dialogue and the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative, while it
    seeks to do the same to the Black Sea and gain a strategic foothold in the Caspian
    Sea region. The Gulf Security Initiative between NATO and the Gulf Cooperation
    Council seeks to also dominate the Persian Gulf and to hem in Iran. Israel has
    become a de facto member of the military organization. At the same time, NATO
    vessels sail the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. These warships are deployed off
    the coasts of Somalia, Djibouti, and Yemen as part of NATO’s objectives to create
    a naval cordon of the seas controlling important strategic waterways and maritime
    transit routes.
              The Atlantic Alliance’s ultimate aim is to fix and fasten the American Empire.
    NATO has clearly played an important role in complementing the US strategy for
    dominating Eurasia. This includes the encirclement of Russia, China, Iran, and their
    allies with a military ring subservient to Washington. The global missile shield project,
    the militarization of Japan, the insurgencies in Libya and Syria, the threats against
    Iran, and the formation of a NATO-like military alliance in the Asia-Pacific region are
    components of this colossal geopolitical project. NATO’s globalization, however, is
    bringing together a new series of Eurasian counter-alliances with global linkages
    that stretch as far as Latin America. The Collective Security Treaty Organization
    (CSTO) and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) have been formed by
    Russia, China, and their allies as shields against the US and NATO and as a means
    to challenge them. As the globalization of NATO unfolds the risks of nuclear war
    become more and more serious with the Atlantic Alliance headed towards a collision
    course with Russia, China, and Iran that could ignite World War III.


    TABLE OF CONTENTS


    FOREWORD          A UN Assistant Secretary-General’s Warnings
                                   by Denis J. Halliday


    CHAPTER 1        An Overview of NATO Growth:  Prometheanism?
    CHAPTER 2        EU, NATO Expansion and the Partnership for Peace
    CHAPTER 3        Yugoslavia and the Reinvention of NATO
    CHAPTER 4        NATO in Afghanistan
    CHAPTER 5        NATO’s Mediterranean Dialogue
    CHAPTER 6        NATO in the Persian Gulf: The Gulf Security Initiative
    CHAPTER 7        Claiming the Post-Soviet Space
    CHAPTER 8        NATO and the High Seas: Control of Strategic  Waterways
    CHAPTER 9        The Global Missile Shield Project
    CHAPTER 10      NATO and Africa
    CHAPTER 11      The Militarization of Japan and the Asia-Pacific
    CHAPTER 12      The Drive into Eurasia: Encircling Russia,  China, and Iran
    CHAPTER 13      The Eurasian Counter-Alliances
    CHAPTER 14      NATO and the Levant: Lebanon and Syria
    CHAPTER 15      America and NATO as Rome and the Peninsular  Allies
    CHAPTER 16      Global Militarization: At the Doors of World War III?

    Figure Credits
    Index

    Figures: Charts, Diagrams, and Tables

    Table 1.1        NATO During the Cold War
    Table 1.2        New Members of NATO, After the Cold War
    Table 2.1        Eastern Partnership Countries and Russia
    Table 2.2        European Neighborhood Policy Program
    Table2.3         Participants in Partnership for Peace that Entered  NATO
    Table 2.4        Current Participants in Partnership for Peace
    Table 2.5        Progressive Steps Towards NATO Membership?
    Chart 2.1        NATO Outreach and Partnership
    Diagram 2.1   Euler Diagram of NATO within Europe’s Security Architecture
    Table 3.1        Albania and the Former Yugoslavia
    Chart 3.1        The Formation of Yugoslavia
    Table 3.2        Euro-Atlantic Integration of Albania and the Former  Yugoslavia
    Chart 3.2        The Disintegration of Yugoslavia
    Table 5.1        Mediterranean Dialogue Members
    Table 6.1        ICI Members and their NATO Participation
    Table 12.1      NATO and its Global Alliance Network
    Table 13.1      Collective Treaty Security Organization Member  States
    Table 13.2      Shanghai Cooperation Organization Member States
    Table 13.3      Diversity of the Eurasian Alliances
    Table 16.1      The Eurasian Entente and its Global Alliance Network
    Table 16.2      Global Peacekeeping Operations in 2010
    Chart 16.1      The Share of World Military Expenditures Among NATO Countries
    Chart 16.2      Military Expenditures: NATO versus the World
    Chart 16.3      The Military Expenditures of the Eurasian Powers and their Allies

    Maps

    Map I                History of NATO Enlargement
    Map II               EU and the Eastern Partnership Countries
    Map III              NATO and Partnership in 2004
    Map IV              Former Yugoslavia
    Map V               NATO in Bosnia Under SFOR
    Map VI              NATO in Kosovo Under KFOR
    Map VII             NATO in Afghanistan Under ISAF
    Map VIII            NATO in 2004
    Map IX              The Mediterranean Sea
    Map X               The Situation Around the Strait of Hormuz
    Map XI              The Caucasus and Central Asia
    Map XII             The Commonwealth of Independent States
    Map XIII            The String of Pearls: Chinese Naval Bases in the Indian Ocean
    Map XIV            The Missile Shield Project
    Map XV             Russia’s View of the European Missile Shield
    Map XVI            NATO and the CSTO
    Map XVII           Shanghai Cooperation Organization
    Map XVIII          NATO Operations in 2006
    Map XIX            NATO Operations and Missions in 2009
    Map XX             The Bolivarian Bloc
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    REVIEWS


    The Globalization of NATO by Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya is simply
    magnificent, erudite and devoid of the ethnocentrism to which one
    has become so accustomed from Western authors. The book deals
    with what doubtless are the most important and relevant issues of
    the day for all those committed to saving life and protecting Mother
    Earth from rampant human irresponsibility and crime. There is no
    other book that, at this particular time, I would most heartily
    endorse. I think Africans, Near Eastern peoples, Iranians, Russians,
    Chinese, Asians and Europeans generally and all the progressive
    Latin American countries of today will find a much needed
    reinforcement and support for their peaceful ideals in this
    excellent must-read book.”

    –MIGUEL D’ESCOTO BROCKMANN,
    Foreign Minister of Nicaragua (1979-1990) and President of the
    63rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly (2008-2009):
    Managua, Nicaragua.


    We are far away from the principles and objectives for which the United Nations
    was created and the decisions of the Nuremberg Tribunal stipulating that some
    state actions can be considered crimes against peace. Nazemroaya’s book, in
    addition to reminding us that the role of the United Nations has been confiscated by
    NATO, elaborates the danger that the North Atlantic Treaty represents to world
    peace.

    –JOSÉ L. GÓMEZ DEL PRADO,
    Chairman of the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries
    (2005-2011): Ferney-Voltaire, France.

    Through carefully documented research, Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya analyzes the
    historical and geopolitical evolution of NATO from the Cold War to the post 9/11 US-
    led “Global War on Terrorism.” This book is a must read for those committed to
    reversing the tide of war and imperial conquest by the world’s foremost military
    machine.

    –MICHEL CHOSSUDOVSKY,
    Professor Emeritus of Economics at the University of Ottawa and Director of the
    Centre for Research on Globalization (CRG): Montréal, Canada.


    “A very timely book. Yes, US-led NATO is globalizing, like the US-led finance
    economy. No doubt also for it to protect the latter, the “free market.” It is a classical
    case of overstretch to help save the crumbling US Empire and Western influence in
    general, by countries most of whom are bankrupt by their own economic
    mismanagement. All their interventions share two characteristics. The conflicts
    could have been solved with a little patience and creativity, but NATO does not want
    solutions. It uses conflicts as raw material it can process into interventions to tell
    the world that it is the strongest in military terms. And, with the help of the
    mainstream media, it sees Hitler everywhere, in a Milosevic, a bin Laden, a Hussein,
    a Qaddafi, in Assad, insensitive to the enormous differences between all these
    cases. I hope this book will be read by very, very many who can turn this morbid
    fascination with violence into constructive conflict resolution.”

    –JOHAN GALTUNG,
    Professor Emeritus of Peace Studies and Sociology at the University of Oslo and
    Founder of the International Peace Research Institute in Oslo (PRIO), the Galtung-
    Institut, and the Transcend Network: Oslo, Norway.


    Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya’s prolific writings give us a comprehensive
    understanding of the character of the military thrust and it’s all out, no holds barred
    STRATEGIC plans and moves to invade, occupy and plunder the resources of
    nations, inflicting unprecedented barbaric acts on civilian populations. He is one of
    the prescient thinkers and writers of contemporary times who deserves to be read
    and acted upon by people with a conscience and concern for humanity’s future.

    –VISHNU BHAGWAT,
    Admiral and Chief of the Naval Staff of India (1996-1998): Mumbai, India.

    This is a book really necessary to understanding the role of NATO within the frame
    of long-term US strategy. The Globalization of NATO by Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya
    not only provides an articulate analysis on the Atlantic Alliance: it is the best modern
    text devoted to the hegemonic alliance. With this book Nazemroaya reconfirms his
    ability as a brilliant geopolitical analyst.

    –TIBERIO GRAZIANI,
    President of the Institute of Advanced Studies in Geopolitics and Auxiliary
    Sciences/L’Istituto di Alti Studi in Geopolitica e Scienze Ausiliarie (IsAG): Rome, Italy.

    Nazemroaya is an unbelievable prolific writer. What has often amazed many is his
    almost nonstop writing on extremely important issues for the contemporary world
    and his analysis about the globalization of NATO. What amazes many of us in other
    parts of the world are his seemingly limitless depth, breadth and the thoroughness
    of his knowledge that has been repeatedly appearing in his work. We are deeply
    indebted to Nazemroaya’s humble, tireless and invaluable contributions through his
    fearless, insightful and powerful writings.

    –KIYUL CHUNG,  
    Editor-in-Chief of The 4th Media and Visiting Professor at the School of Journalism
    and Communication at Tsinghua University: Beijing, People’s Republic of China.


    The Journalists’ Press Club in Mexico is grateful and privileged to know a man
    who respects the written word and used it in an ethical way without another
    interest other than showing the reality about the other side of power in the world.
    Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya gives voice to the “voiceless.” He can see the other side
    of the moon, the side without lights.

    –CELESE SÁENZ DE MIERA,
    Mexican Broadcaster and Secretary-General of the Mexican Press Club: Federal
    District of Mexico City, Mexico.


    With his very well documented analysis, Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya has conducted
    a remarkable decryption of the strategies implemented by NATO – in the interests
    of the United States, the European Union and Israel – to expand its military grip on
    the world, ensure its control over energy resources and transit routes, and
    encircling the countries likely to be a barrier or a threat to its goals, whether it be
    Iran, Russia or China. Nazemroaya’s work is essential reading for those that want to
    understand what is being played out right now on the map in all the world’s trouble
    spots; Libya and Africa; Syria and the Middle East; the Persian Gulf and Eurasia.

    –SILVIA CATTORI,
    Swiss political analyst and journalist: Geneva, Switzerland.
Awarded the MEXICAN PRESS  CLUB's Award
for International Investigative Journalism, Dec. 8, 2011.  
ABOVE:  With fellow award-winner STEPHEN LENDMAN  at Awards Ceremony, which was
broadcast live by television and readio throughout Latin America.


    AUTHOR

    Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya is an interdisciplinary sociologist,
    award-winning author, and noted geopolitical analyst. He is a
    researcher at the Centre for Research on Globalization in
    Montréal, Canada, an expert contributor at the Strategic Cultural
    Foundation in Moscow, Russia, and a member of the Scientific
    Committee of Geopolitica, a peer-reviewed journal of
    geopolitics in Italy.

    He has frequently spoken about international relations as a
    guest on such news networks as Al Jazeera, teleSUR, and
    Russia Today. In 2007, he was a contributor alongside former UN
    secretary-general Hans von Sponeck and Japanese nuclear
    bomb survivor and physicist Shoji Sawada to the war crimes
    exhibit of the fourth Malaysian prime minister Mahathir bin
    Mohamad’s Perdana Global Peace Foundation in Kuala Lumpur.

    His writing has been translated into more than twenty languages
    including German, Russian, Turkish, Portuguese, Spanish,
    Arabic, and Chinese. In 2011, Nazemroaya’s work on NATO was
    archived by the military alliance’s own Multimedia Library in
    Brussels under the “NATO and Libya – Special Focus” annals, a
    collection of articles by leading international experts with their
    analysis on the war in Libya.

    In 2011, he was awarded the prestigious First National Prize of
    the Mexican Press Club for his work in international
    investigative journalism.

    "Nazemroaya’s book is a must-read for any European or other
    NATO state citizen who wants to understand the danger the
    Americandriven Alliance presents to world harmony and peace. I
    would hope that having done so, the reader would accept
    appropriate responsibility for actively pursuing ways to terminate
    this war machine that seeks out opportunities for warfare for all the
    wrong reasons. . . Reading this book, may be the first step to
    finding ourselves before it is too late."  From the Foreword

                                                                                   Denis J. Halliday
                     United Nations Assistant Secretary-General
                                                                                 (1994-98)
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